Common Types of MLA Works Cited Entries

Here are some common types of MLA Works Cited Entries:


Author. Title. Where published: publisher, date. Type of medium.
Stevens, Paul Drew. Real Animal Heroes. New York: Signet, 1997. Print.
• If the book has an edition number, include it after the title.
Stevens, Paul Drew. Real Animal Heroes. 2
nd ed. New York: Signet, 1997. Print.
• Use only the first name in the publishers name
Houghton Mifflin Company is listed as Houghton.

Book with 2 or more authors

1st Author, and 2nd author. Title. Where published: publisher, date. Type of medium.
Spicer, Mark S., and John R. Covach. Sounding Out Pop: Analytical essays in Popular Music. Ann Arbor: Michigan UP, 2010. Print.

2 or more works by the same author

Author. Title. Where published: publisher, date. Type of medium.
Miller, Donald. A Million Miles in a Thousand Years: What I learned While Editing My Life. Nashville: Nelson, 2009. Print.
—.Searching for God Knows What. Nashville: Nelson, 2004. Print.

No author listed but Editor listed

Editor, ed. Title. Where published: publisher, date. Type of medium.
McDannel, Colleen, ed. Catholics in the Movies. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. Print.


Author of work. “Title of work.” Title of anthology or textbook. Editor of anthology. Where published: publisher, date. Page number(s) of work. Type of medium. Wong, Edward. “A Long Overdue Apology.” Tales from the Times. Ed. Lisa Belkin. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2004. 29-34.


Author(s) of textbook. “Title of chapter.” Title of textbook, edition number. Where published: publisher, date. Page
number(s) of chapter. Type of medium. Biays John Sheridan, and Carol Wershoven. “Works Cited Entries: MLA Format.” Along These Lines: Writing Paragraphs and Essays, 5th Ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010. 356-361. Print

Newspaper/ Magazine Article

Author. “Article title.” Name of Periodical and Volume/Issue Number. (Date): page number. Type of medium.
Caldwell, Tanya. “Boca Names Its New Dog Park.” South Florida Sun Sentinel . (10 Aug 2005): BI. Print.
* Abbreviate all months except May, June, and July, and place the day before the month
Caldwell, Tanya. “Boca Names Its New Dog Park.” South Florida Sun Sentinel . (10 Aug 2005): BI. Print.

Whole Website with no author

Name of website. Publisher or sponsor of the website. Date published. Type of medium. Date of access.
Humane Society of the United States. American Humane Society. 2007. Web. 20 June 2007.
Do NOT include the URL (website address)

Website with author

Author. “Article title.” Name of website. Publisher or sponsor of website. Date published. Type of medium. Date of access. Woolf, Norma Bennett. “Getting Involved in Purebred Rescue.” Dog Owner’s Guided. 18 May 2005. Web. 20 June 2005.
* If publisher/sponsor cannot be found, write n.p.
* If date published cannot be found, write n.d.
Woolf, Norma Bennett. “Getting Involved in Purebred Rescue.” Dog Owner’s Guided. n. p. n. d. Web. 20 June 2005.
Do NOT include the URL (website address)


MLA Introduction Part 3

Basic In-Text Citations: Article

1.“Republican strategist Monica Crowley will not assume a senior foreign policy communications role in President-elect Donald Trump’s administration” (Trudo “Monica Crowley not taking role in Trump administration”).

2.Hannah Trudo writes, “Republican strategist Monica Crowley will not assume a senior foreign policy communications role in President-elect Donald Trump’s administration” (“Monica Crowley not taking role in Trump administration”).

3.In her article, “Monica Crowley not taking role in Trump administration,” Hannah Trudo writes, “Republican strategist Monica Crowley will not assume a senior foreign policy communications role in President-elect Donald Trump’s administration.”

How often to use author’s name

So, when you’ve already introduced an author in the paragraph, if you use the same author later on in the same paragraph (or along the same idea), you only need to put the page number at the end of what you have quoted.

As soon as you introduce a new author to that paragraph/idea, you will have to include the author’s last name in either the parenthetical citation or in the sentence.

Short Quotations

For any quotation shorter than four lines (of text in the actual source), you would following this format:

In comparison to the American-style lunch, French students could have a meal including, “cucumber salad, with vinaigrette, salmon lasagna with spinach, fondue with baguette for dipping and fruit compote for dessert” (Murphy “Why Students Hate School Lunches”)

Short Quotations: Poems

For poems, you will want to indicate breaks in line by using a “/” between phrases. So, for instance… Here is Stephen Dunn’s poem “On the Death of a Colleague”:

Each of us recalled
an incident in which she’d been kind
or witty.

As Stephen Dunn writes, “Each of us recalled / an incident in which she’d been kind / or witty” (19).

Long Quotations

For quotations longer than four lines, you will start on a new line and write a free-standing block text without quotations and maintain the double-spacing.

In this instance, your parenthetical citation would come after the punctuation at the end of a sentence.

Say what? Let’s look at an example on Purdue Owl’s official workshop page.

Works cited page: Books

On your works cited page, this is the general format to citing books:

Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Date of Publication.

Riordan, Rick. The Lightning Thief. New York: Hyperion Books for Children, 2005.

Works Cited Page: Website Article

For websites, you would go by the following format:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Information about print publication. Information about electronic publishing. Access Information.

Journal Title, Volume Number, the year of publication, a colon, the inclusive page numbers, and a period.

Title of the website, the date of electronic publication or latest update, the name of any institution or organization that sponsors the site, and any editor or version number if applicable.

Works Cited Page: Website Article

Hammel, Heidi. “Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury.” The New York Times. 29 Dec. 2015. 06 Feb. 2017.

Whalen, Tom. “The Consequences Of Passivity: Re-Evaluating Truffaut’s “Fahrenheit 451..” Literature Film Quarterly 35.3 (2007): 181-190. Academic Search Complete. Web. 6 Feb. 2017.

How to cite sources online

Online resources are there to help you. However, you must double-check before adding them to your paper… sometimes they do not get all or only some of the information. Some options…


­Purdue Owl

­Online databases

How to Cite sources using word

At the top of the page go to the “References” tab

Change the citation style (if need be)

Click on “Insert Citation”

Add as much information as you can

Click insert

This will create an in-page citation for your paper. Once you’re finished writing (or you have used all your sources) click on “Bibliography” and then “Works Cited.” This will automatically create a Works Cited list for you.

Don’t forget to read Part 1 and Part 2! Have a great day now!

MLA Introduction Part 2

MLA: General Format

Times New Roman, 12 point font, 1-inch margins

Last name and page number on each page header

Let’s look at an example:

Jane Doe

Ms. Margaret Smith

English II

06 Mar. 2018

Title of the Paper

When to Quote sources Directly

Quoting sources (articles, books, websites, etc.) directly is great—you are using evidence directly from the researcher’s mouth. However, there is a time and place for quoting sources directly.

You want to only quote sources directly when they say something to further your argument in a way in which you cannot. In other words: use something interesting. Students are often quoting at will and random and the quotes they choose are not interesting and don’t add anything to their overall paper.

In-text citations

While you are writing your paper, you will have to give reference to sources after you have used the information you’ve gather from them. This is the basic format:

“Blah, blah, blah, quote” (Author Page Number)

“Blah, blah, blah, quote” (Johnson 97)

Notice: NO PUNCTUATION between the end of the quote and in the in-text citation. You fill follow this format EVERY TIME.

Also notice: no comma between author’s last name and page number.

In-text citations: Variations

An even better way to cite sources within your paper is to use the author’s name in your sentence and then just include the page number at the end of your quote. For example:

According to Elizabeth Rudell, “Students tend to connect better to teachers who are vulnerable in their academic struggles and successes” (97).

Since you’ve stated the author’s name in your actual sentence, you do NOT have to repeat the same information later on.

 Websites and/or no page number

­In this style, you would use author last name and then the article title

­For example

“Blah, blah, blah, quote” (Johnson “Students Relationships”)

No known author

­In this instance, you would use article title

­For example…

“Blah, blah, blah” (“Student Relationships”)

Basic In-Text Citations: Book

1.“They were all around in a circle watching and laughing at the way we were doing the steps” (Keyes 41).

2.Daniel Keyes writes, “They were watching all around in a circle watching and laughing at the way we were doing the steps” (41).

3.In his novel, Flowers for Algernon, Daniel Keyes writes, “They were watching all around in a circle watching and laughing at the way we were doing the steps” (41).

In case you missed the first part, here it is!


MLA Introduction Part 1

Why cite sources?

We can all agree that citing sources can be tedious and difficult. So, why do it?

­Think of all the papers you’ve written, the stories you’ve done over the years, the work you put into them—the research, the time, effort, blood, sweat, and tears.

­That work is yours—you own it. THIS is why we source articles. Scholars, researchers, and others have done so much work—years even—to write these articles and they deserve recognition for their work. Also, if you don’t source, it’s plagiarism.

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism, according to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, means…

­To steal or pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own

­To use (another’s production) without crediting the source

­To commit literary theft

­To present as new an original an idea or product derived from an existing source

Citing Sources protects you

The threat of plagiarism isn’t to discourage you from using scholarly articles or other sources—in fact, it’s good using what experts say to help your argument.

In order to protect yourself from some of these major consequences of plagiarism, there is a very tedious process called citation that you will use in college, regardless of what major.

And, depending on what field you go into, there are different ways you will have to cite your sources. For the next few days, we will be going over how to do three of those ways: MLA, APA, and Chicago.

MLA Formatting

MLA formatting is mostly used by professionals and students in the English and foreign languages field.

MLA Style “establishes standards of written communication concerning…

­“Formatting and page layout

­“Stylistic technicalities

­“Citing sources

­“Preparing a manuscript for publication in certain disciplines.”

Why use MLA Style?

Allows readers to locate information cues to look up for further research

Allows readers to focus more on your ideas and not be distracted by bulky in-text citations

“Establishes your credibility in the field by demonstrating an awareness of your audience and their needs as fellow researchers.”

Continue reading in the next post!

MLA Guide to Quotations: In-text citations and paraphrase

In-Text Citations in MLA Format:

When you are inserting any kind of example or quote from a secondary source (journal, website, book, etc.), it is called an “in-text citation.”


An in-text citation can be inserted into the essay in two ways:

1. A direct quote
2. A Paraphrase

A direct quote means you are taking the words exactly as they appear in the text. For example, take the following text:

Reality television has become the wave of the future. 70% of the shows on television
are now reality TV shows or have some kind of reality theme in them. It is estimated that by 2019, 80% of TV shows will be reality television.

If you wanted to use an exact phrase from this text, you would insert the text like this:


TV shows are changing, and with reality TV becoming so popular, that “it is estimated that by 2019, 80% of TV shows will be reality television” (Arnold 66).

Notice that the exact piece of text has quotation marks around it. The author’s name is also mentioned in brackets, followed immediately by the page number.


NOTE: If you mention the author’s name in your text, you only need the page number, not the author’s name again. Example:

TV shows are changing, and with reality TV becoming so popular, Daniel Arnold states that “by 2019, 80% of TV shows will be reality television” (66)

Remember that sometimes you will have to change the context of your quote. In these cases, use the square brackets to change a capital letter to a lower case or verb tense if you have to.


Original quote from a book: One thing I know there is none of in Omelas is guilt.

Changed quote: Ursula Leguin illustrates her utopia by claiming the citizens do not even feel guilt about the child, as “[o]ne thing[…] there is none of in Omelas is guilt” (4).

The word “one” has been changed to a lower case so it has brackets around it. The words “I know” have been deleted because they are not needed, yet their absence is replaced with an ellipsis, which is a bracket, three dots, and another bracket to inform the reader that some information is missing.

Online sources for in-text citations should have the same format as a book or journal: the author’s name in brackets. If there isn’t an author, put the webpage’s name in there instead.



Paraphrasing is different than using a direct quote. Whereas a direct quote takes the exact words from a source, a paraphrase uses the same IDEAS but is written in your words. However, you still MUST cite the source, because the ideas are not your own.

Original Text:

Business communication is increasingly taking place internationally – in all countries, among all peoples, and across all cultures. An awareness of other cultures – of their languages, customs, experiences, and perceptions – as well as an awareness of the way in which other people conduct their business, are now essential ingredients of business communication.

Acceptable Paraphrase:

The importance of understanding the traditions, language, perceptions and the manner in which people of other cultures conduct their business should never be underestimated and is a crucial component of business communication (Paul 22).

Be VERY cautious when paraphrasing: it is easy to PLAGIARIZE. If your words are too close to the original words, it is plagiarism. Please be prudent when paraphrasing.

Setting up an MLA paper

Hey there! In this post, I will remind you the basics of setting up an MLA paper.
1) Click on Layout → Margins → Choose 1” margins all the way around the paper

2) Click on Home → Font → Pick Times New Roman. Click on Font Size → Pick 12 pt.

3) Under Insert → Page Number → Top of Page → Plain Number 3 → Click to Insert → Type in your last name to the left of the page number. Make sure that you also change the font and size of the header to Times New Roman 12pt.

4) Click on Home → The up and down arrow under Paragraph → 2.0 line spacing

5) Begin with your header on page 1. Type in the format seen above with left alignment. After your heading, center aligns and type the title. Then click back to left alignment, indent your first line (with the tab key) and begin typing your paper.
6) The final page is your Works Cited page. Type Works Cited at the top of the page and center it. Then add your references in alphabetical order using the format required.
Another way to go about this is to use Microsoft Word to assist you with citing. Each time you have a new source in your paper, follow these directions: Click on Reference → Choose MLA under Style → Insert Citation → Add New Source → Fill in as much information as you can → Click OK. Then at the end of your paper, click on Bibliography, choose Works Cited, and Word will automatically create for you a Works Cited page.

Thank you for reading! I hope it was useful! Let me know in the comments section below anything you would like to share about this post. Maybe you have something to add! I would love to read your thoughts! Have a great day!

Essay: Importance Of Vocational Education

The economies the planet over are adapting into learning based economies. The modifying face of innovation the planet over requires a single person to be worked in a specific ability. Just an individual who is master in a specific field can get an exceptional work. Professional instruction preparing foundations bestow specific and common sense learning to an individual and help them come to be autonomous at a specific age.

Professional instruction preparing might be accommodated various courses like health, specialized, craftsmanship, government and different courses. These subjects might be further grouped into specific courses. Case in point, health could be isolated into back rub treatment, dietitians, and nutritionist. Any individual can select any course of his decision and slants.

Read Essay about How Doctorate Degree Help in Teaching

Professional training preparing organizations bestow graduation and post graduation courses to people. The best part of the organization is that indeed, working individuals can join the course, and even select the timings according to their accommodation and nature of work. The professional establishments permit the scholars to study online and go to either night or morning classes. In addition, money related support is furnished to scholars who are monetarily feeble.

The personnel of these Professional instruction preparing foundations is exceedingly encountered. They bestow viable learning to their scholars. Thus the scholars have the ability to have a genuine and reasonable industry experience. The understudies are additionally given internships.

They are additionally given stipend for their internships. This gives inspiration to perform better and outperform in their employments.

They do their employment under the supervision of a master. It is an incredible studying background for them as it causes them perform in their employment better. For working experts it is a path to sharpen their aptitudes while profiting.

Картинки по запросу education

There are different professional instruction preparing found the planet over. Actually each state has professional foundations where the inhabitants of the spot can win the degrees and come to be part of a particular workforce. Greater part of these preparation establishments act according to the principles and regulations of state instruction division. It is the instruction bureau of state or the centermost government that gives distinguishment to a preparation foundation.

A preparation organization is instructed to accompany the principles or else its distinguishment might be wiped out. It is vital that an individual satisfies the qualification criteria of the preparation organization. The system of getting concession into any professional foundation is exceptionally modest and simple. For any itemized informative content you can visit the site and get to ponder the organization and their position approaches. Likewise, it is essential that the professional establishment that you select ought to be distinguished by the concerned training section. The arrangement of an establishment is a marker of the nature of professional preparing establishment.

The course structure of the preparation foundation is normally upgraded. This is since the innovation and the basics of economy are adapting quite quickly. Furnishing reasonable information dependent upon the old notions does not bode well.

Essay of thinking: My Personal Philosophy

My Personal Philosopy My Personal Philosophy A teacher’s personal philosophy of education is a critical element in his or her approach to guiding children along the path of enlightenment. ~ Barbara Wilt Opportunity abounds for elementary education in the twenty-first century, given the multitude of academic theorists who pioneered a number of indispensable approaches. The extent to which elementary education must be tailored to a combination of one’s cultural and social environment is both grand and far-reaching; that no single teaching method can purport to reach each and every child speaks to the need for incorporating the benefits of more than one approach in any given classroom environment.

Read Essay about How Doctorate Degree Help in Teaching

My lifelong desire is to teach all levels at some point in my career. To me, teaching has no age limits, as we all need to learn and grow. In the beginning I would always focus on early childhood education because I felt that this stage in life was the most important due to the developing growth of the brain. But this course has definitely given me a better outlook on education in its entirety. To better understand one’s philosophy of education, one must first understand the meaning of philosophy itself. Philosophy is the “love of wisdom and the search for it” (Webb, Metha, & Jordan, 2010, pg. 50). I adapted to my personal philosophy by recognizing educational principles that rests upon the learner, the school, and myself as the teacher. In this essay I will explain the purpose of education, examine the educational philosophy that matches my belief, show the roles of the student as well as the teacher, and discuss my ideal curriculum.

Картинки по запросу Philosophy

Education is a means of reaching out to individuals and instilling them with the love of learning. It is striving to delight excitement in the minds of students, by making their learning experience both fun and engaging. This enthusiasm about learning will drive students to develop an intellectual curiosity and to become lifelong learners. I truly believe that the overall purpose of education is to create productive and balanced members of society. Education consists of acquiring knowledge, learning skills and imparting culture through socialization.

Essay about How Doctorate Degree Help in Teaching

After getting a Master’s degree in Teaching, you can go on with your educational expertise and acquire a Doctorate. Before you begin with your courses, you will be asked to present your Master’s degree, as it is a special requirement for enrolling. Apart from that, it is frequently asked of you to provide the administration with some letters of recommendation, in order to get the necessary references by some well-respected and highly skilled professionals in the field of education.

Help with another requirement that is often asked of you is the presentation of your previous written and graded thesis, so as to get an idea about your knowledge on Teaching and your skills in writing without using an essay help, comprehending and expressing yourself, among others. Moving on, many institutions and states have the requirement of providing the candidates with a special exam, which they have to fill in and pass in order to move on with their courses. As you can easily assume, when getting involved in a Doctorate, you will have some serious research and studying done at a regular basis.

At such a high level of education, the knowledge is overall and of great quality and value. Have in mind that you can also attend an online Doctorate course, which can be more accessible for those of the candidates who have to combine their education with a full time job or other occupation that is time consuming and exhausting in any way. The Doctorate degree is equal to the highest level of expertise in one specific field and that is really important.

In the field of education and teaching, it is great for someone to keep studying and being up to date about any scientific data that shed light to the whole process of teaching and learning in its core. Upon gaining the necessary recognition and expertise that come from the certification in your Doctorate, you should be ready to make some thorough research in the field of teaching and learning in general, make publications and get hired as a really well skilled professional, with thorough knowledge and great potentials

If you are not that into teaching and doing research, you should not get bothered to complete such a task. It is far too time consuming and demanding to be dealt with as something mediocre. It is lengthy in duration and it gives you some great weapons for your arsenal regarding your career.

Good luck!

Everything You Need To Know About Free Distance Education

What, you mean like Wikipedia? The entire internet is a free distance education experience. It’s the information age, man. It’s like information porn. People of today’s generation are starved for information and want it right NOW. There are plenty of things you can learn for free online!

In all seriousness, a quick search on the web will reveal a few sites advertising free distance education. Unfortunately, while the information and courses are free, these sorts of classes do not in any way give you any kind of credential, certification, or piece of paper letting employers know you can do the job you studied for. Free distance education isn’t going to further your career, and it isn’t going to help you get noticed by employers.

Does that mean free distance education should be scoffed at? No; not if it’s really free, anyway. Some free distance education advertisements will get you later with fraudulent claims asking for money to pay for your school supplies or other services. This is, indeed, a waste of your time and money. If they’re asking for personal information, you risk having that information sold. If you’re going to pay, you may as well do it with an accredited school and get recognition for it.

But if you decided to learn Chinese on your own, did it entirely through the internet and on your own terms, but could speak, read, and write it correctly, then you wouldn’t have a lot of trouble passing an interview for a Chinese translator related job. But if you want to learn Chinese online, you’re better off looking for Chinese related blogs and information networks that aren’t disguising themselves as schools. Some subjects, especially languages, graphics software, or HTML/programming information, have a wealth of free information and communities available for the dedicated to get started. There’s no certification involved, but it will teach you how to do something and it won’t cost anything. Not a bad plan if you want to learn something more for personal use than your career; unless it is a language.

At the end of the day, free distance education simply isn’t. You can learn for free for fun or as a supplement to your own education to see things from new perspectives, but if you need something to boost your career options, you’re going to need a degree from an accredited school, online or off, rather than the claim you read about something on the internet. Employers don’t smile on that very much.